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Monday, June 23, 2014

BNP Paribas near record $9bn settlement for violating US sanctions

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France’s biggest bank has reportedly agreed an $8-9 billion settlement with US prosecutors over hiding $30 billion in money transfers to countries on the US sanctions blacklist. The fine against BNP Paribas could be a record for this type of violation. In the proposed settlement, BNP Paribas will plead guilty to criminal charges in early July, The Wall Street Journal reports, citing a source close to the matter. After admitting violating the International Economic Powers Act, the bank will temporarily be banned from doing deals in US dollars. France has warned this could have a negative effect on the stability of the euro zone. The US Department of Justice is negotiating with BNP Paribas over the infractions, and the penalty could be the biggest of its kind. French President Francois Hollande said the fines are ‘unfair’ and ‘disproportionate’. In 2012, the US fined HSBC $1.9 billion over similar US sanctions violations, and Credit Suisse pled guilty to concealing sanctions data and paid $2.6 billion in fines. After examining over $100 billion of transactions, US authorities found that $30 billion were illegally conducted with Iran, Cuba, and Sudan as they are countries sanctioned by the US. The infraction will force the company to reshuffle its US-based management, according to several sources. The Wall Street Journal reports 30 bank employees have already left, or will soon exit, the company. First set at $3 billion, the penalty later was rumored to have reached $16 billion before the latest $8-9 billion figure. The largest fine on record for a bank is the $13 billion JPMorgan Chase & Co paid out for pre-crisis mortgage frauds. BNP Paribas has only set aside over $1 billion to pay out any potential fines, and a fine between $8-9 billion could nearly wipe out the company’s entire pre-tax earnings of $11.2 billion.

​2 tonnes of heroin recovered in Europe’s ‘largest ever’ seizure

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More than two tonnes of heroin has been recovered from Greek warehouses over the past fortnight in an operation considered by authorities to be Europe’s largest ever seizure of the drug. Exactly 986.6 kg of the drug was recovered from storage units near Athens on Friday, reported AFP. The size of the stash added to a recently-set record of 1.113 tonnes of heroin which was also seized near Athens on the night of June 12. On June 13th, Merchant Marine Minister Miltiadis Varvitsiotis proclaimed it to be Europe’s largest ever seizure. The combined discoveries comprised “the largest amount of heroin ever seized in Europe,” said Varvitsioti on Sunday. Friday’s heroin had been shipped to Greece by a tanker – ‘Noorl’ – from Togo, West Africa. It allegedly belongs to a Greek company, the name of which has not been publicly stated. Fourteen people were arrested in the incident, among them 10 crew members, in Koropi, some 40 km from the capital. Five Turkish people and the Greek company head were among those detained. The drug was intended to be taken by truck from Greece to markets around Europe.

Magnetizing: ESA sats grab Earth’s ever-changing magnetic field (VIDEO)

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Screenshot from esa.int
The European Space Agency’s (ESA) Swarm space mission has begun mapping one of the most mysterious aspects of our planet: Earth’s magnetic field.
Screenshot from esa.int

This animation shows changes in Earth’s magnetic field from January to June 2014 as measured by the ESA’s Swarm trio of satellites. The satellites, launched in November, are equipped with several instruments, including cutting edge magnetometers that measure field strength and direction.
The data collected by the Swarm satellites will help scientists better grasp how our magnetic field works, how it is affected by solar activity, and why large tracts of it is weakening.
The ESA says field can be thought of as a huge bubble, protecting us from cosmic radiation and charged particles that bombard Earth in ‘solar winds’.
Without it, those particles would hammer away at the atmosphere, leaving Earth much like Mars.
The North Pole is also moving, a fact which has been known for over a century, though with swarm, direction and fluctuations can be accurately measured.
Currently, the north end is slowly creeping across the Arctic Ocean toward Siberia. The first high-definition measurements from Swarm have also shown what appear to be weakening regions within the core-generated magnetic field over the western hemisphere, while parts of the southern Indian Ocean show strengthening fields.
The agency says the field is particularly weak over the South Atlantic Ocean – known as the South Atlantic Anomaly. Many glitches or ‘hiccups’ are caused by this anomaly, as satellites are exposed to strong radiation over this area.
Many experts believe this weakening heralds the earth’s magnetic fields reversal, where the north becomes south and south becomes north. This process usually takes several hundred thousand years to complete.
All of the observed changes are based on the magnetic signals which originate in the Earth’s core. Over the coming months, scientists will analyze the data to better understand the magnetic contributions from other sources, namely the mantle, crust, oceans, ionosphere and magnetosphere.
“These initial results demonstrate the excellent performance of Swarm,” said Rune Floberghagen, ESA’s Swarm Mission Manager.
“With unprecedented resolution, the data also exhibit Swarm’s capability to map fine-scale features of the magnetic field.”
Apart from understanding out world better, scientists believe measurements obtained by Swarm will have a number of real world applications, including improving the accuracy of navigation systems, advanced earthquake prediction and better efficiency in drilling for natural resources.

‘Double standards’: Apple implements MAC anti-tracking technique used by Aaron Swartz

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Apple is going to implement random MAC addresses technology in its iOS8 devices, an anonymity-granting technique which late computer prodigy Aaron Swartz was accused of using to carry out his infamous MIT hack. Swartz, who faced criminal prosecution on charges of mass downloading academic documents and articles, was also accused of using MAC (Media Access Control) spoofing address technology to gain access to MIT’s subscription database. At the time of his suicide at the age 26, Swartz was facing up to 35 years in prison, the confiscation of assets and a $1 million fine on various charges. Aaron Swartz (Reuters / Noah Berger)Aaron Swartz (Reuters / Noah Berger) Now computer giant Apple is installing a MAC address randomizing system into its products. The company announced that in its new iOS 8, Wi-Fi scanning behavior will be “changed to use random, locally administered MAC addresses.” MAC-address is a unique identifier used by network adapters to identify themselves on a network, and changing it could be regarded as an anti-tracking measure. David Seaman, journalist and podcast host of “The DL Show,” told RT that a single technology cannot protect users from being spied upon and advised users to trust no one, particularly the companies that have been caught cooperating with agencies such as the NSA, or those who used to turn a blind eye toward governments’ illegal activities. RT: Why is Apple suddenly becoming interested in boosting the privacy protection of its devices by spoofing MAC-addresses? David Seaman: That’s one of the techniques that Apple has adopted to spoof these MAC-addresses and it’s just another step to make smart phones and other devices, other mobile devices a bit more secure. Of course you have to keep in mind that a smart phone is to begin with not all that secure, because there are so many different application developers, as well as the fact that you have to rely on whatever cell phone company is providing you with a signal. So this definitely doesn’t make phones completely secure, but I think it’s a step in the right direction. RT: Some argue that Apple’s attempt to protect the privacy of its users is pretty much useless because there are many ways to see where the device is. Do you agree that what they are trying to give us is perhaps not really the full picture? DS: There are a number of other hardware identifiers, aside from the MAC-address that your cell phone is still emitting, and which, using cell towers, they can still find your exact location. So this definitely doesn’t restore total privacy to the user, it’s just one band aid. And I think if you’re injured, you should use as many band aids as possible. But there’s also a larger thing here which is that governments are spying on us and these cell phones are not designed to be all that secure from day one. And there are a number of private companies that, I wouldn’t say spying, but eavesdropping on what you’re doing to make money out of you. And this is a growing problem as we spend more and more of our lives online and on our phones and we expect these things to be secure. Reuters / Lucas JacksonReuters / Lucas Jackson RT: Why is Apple doing this? Are they really concerned about the privacy issue? DS: I think any time a tech company implements things that make us safer, even if it’s not a complete solution, that’s again a step in the right direction. I’d like to see a lot more done. I’d like to see end-to-end encryption of pretty much everything that people do online and I think we’re headed in that direction anyway. But knowing what we know now, that’s like the bare minimum. RT: Aaron Swartz was accused of spoofing Mac-addresses as the US court said it was a criminal act. Why this change? Why can Apple do this legally and Swartz was not allowed to do that? DS: It’s interesting you’ve brought that up. Clearly, there is a double standard out there. If you are a large tech company, the government will turn the other way. Which by the way this is not anything illegal, spoofing MAC-addresses. It is something that has been done by a number of people. But Apple does it, of course they are not going to prison. But Aaron Swartz, one of the things they used against him was spoofing MAC-addresses apparently. And this just goes to show you that there are people within this government who use some of these outdated laws and use an incomplete understanding of Internet technology to pretty much go after whoever they don’t like and make that person’s life a lot more difficult with hard-to-fight charges. I mean these are people who, in some cases, some of the prosecutors, even some of the members of the Supreme Court, as it came recently, don’t understand basic internet technology. I believe it was the IFF (Identification Friend or Foe technology) that pointed out some of the Supreme Court’s blindness when it comes to things that the rest of us have known for the last decade or more; they are still grappling with the basics of the internet. So I think definitely there is a double standard but I would not expect Apple to face any kind of scrutiny for doing this. Reuters / Pawel KopczynskiReuters / Pawel Kopczynski RT: Are the other makers of cell phones likely to follow in Apple’s footsteps to protect people’s privacy? DS: Sure, I believe that privacy is becoming more and more of a selling point post-Edward Snowden. Now everybody in the US and certainly people in other countries are concerned about their data being slurped up either by the NSA, or the GCHQ, or a number of other agencies, and then sitting on a server somewhere. So I think security and privacy are coming back into fashion and you are going to see a number of offerings, many of them a lot more advanced than this MAC-address thing. This is just the beginning. RT: In terms of consumers, what do we do? What should we be looking out for in order to protect us better? DS: A great question. The first thing you can do is to make sure that your e-mail is secure. There are a number of secure e-mail services you can look into using. You can look into encrypting your email using something like PGP. These things sound complicated, but they are really extremely easy to use. If you just google “secure email account” or “encrypted email,” you can start to read about it and get yourself on the road to at least communicating online in a safer way and just make things a little bit more difficult for those who are trying to spy on us. RT: Do you think that technology is sort of taking away human relations that rely on it, with all the privacy issues we have to deal with? Is it helping us or hurting us even more? DS: I think, on the whole, that technology has done a tremendous amount of good and the great thing about technology is once something new is out there – it cannot be un-invented, we cannot go back in time. Is the internet or a smart phone good? I tend to believe that the answer is yes.
David Seaman (Screenshot from RT video)David Seaman (Screenshot from RT video) It’s giving us access to news and information at all times. Now everybody has what is basically an HD camera in their pocket. So if they see police brutality or anything else that’s crazy, they can record it and send to a news network or post it on YouTube. And before you know, the whole world knows about it. So it has been a lot harder for the governments, criminals and all kinds of people to keep their secrets. The downside of that is that it exposes all of us to data theft and things like that. Again, I think that technology is getting better in this area. It’s something most of us were not even focused on until the NSA revelations. So now that we know it is a problem, companies are going to try to make money off of providing a solution for us. And you also see a growth of social media, which really was responsible for the Arab Spring. You see the growth of digital currencies, which might be able to push out some of the governments’ influence over our economies. So definitely, I think that technology on the whole is providing us with a lot more freedom and information. RT: Can we trust these tech companies that are trying to sell us privacy protection? Or will the information continue to slip out to end up in places like the NSA? DS: At this point we cannot trust anyone, especially not these companies who for years were essentially cooperating with the NSA or were at least oblivious to what they were doing. I would say don’t trust anybody, especially within the security field. If you look into an open source technology – that’s maybe your best bet, because it’s being reviewed by a number of experts around the world, whereas a company that just releases some product, you cannot necessarily review its code and see exactly how it is working under the hood.

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